Sun Temple, Konark, India
Konark temple is dedicated to Sun. It is located in the village of Konark, Orissa. This temple is a 13th-century Hindu temple that is known for its unique shape of a giant chariot. The exquisite stone carvings on this entire temple make it more attractive throughout the world. This has been a part of World Heritage Site since 1984. Konark word is a combination of two of Sanskrit words - Kona and Ark. Kona means a corner or angle and Ark means the Sun. Thus, the meaning of Konark is the corner of the Sun. The architecture of the temple is the finest example of Brahmin's architecture and beliefs. This is a complete complex that displays the talent, enormous wealth, and spirituality of Brahmin in Orissa. This temple is a mixture of the earthly erotic and spiritually sublime.
In 1236, after the death of Sultan Iltutmish, the throne of Delhi remained weak. But Nasir ud din Mahmud (Sultan of Delhi) succeeded him and appointed one Tughan Khan, a Governor of Bengal. Tughan Khan (a Governor of Bengal) and Narasimhadeva I (Monarch of Bengal) both took a great fight with the Muslim army, at Katasin. They defeated Muslims and won the battle. Narasimhadeva's victory enhanced his prestige in the eyes of the contemporary Hindu Kings. Narasimhadeva wanted to build a temple that will represent a shrine as well as Kirti-Stambha (victory-memorial) to commemorate his victory. He built the Konark Temple (1238-1250 CE), which is the temple of Sun. The Monarch has his own purpose of making Sun temple at that place. It is said that one-time, Narayna (his father Lord Krishna) displeasure by Samba (son of Lord Krishna). Narana took revenged and getting Samba afflicted with leprosy. When Samba found innocent, he was advised to please Surya (Sun God) to cure disease. One day Samba was taking bath in Chandra Bhaga (river), he saw the image of Surya standing on a lotus and holding two lotuses in his hand. Samba took this lotus with him and built a worship place for this temple. Soon, Samba was completely cured. Narasimhadeva since his early life was charmed by the beauty of the Sun-rise and the roaring voice of the sea. He made this temple at the worship place of Samba. At that time, the Chandra Bhaga (now dead river) was flowing within a mile to the north of the temple side.
This is the mystery of the landmark; whose history brings up a greater number of questions than answers. The whole architecture of the Konark complex is a mystery in itself, starting from its construction to its theories. But there is no unanimity yet on whether the temple was ever completed, consecrated or how it was reduced to ruins. Legends believe that it took 12 years to build and 1,200 sculptors work on it. But they were failed to complete this temple. At that time, a small boy named Dharama (son of a sculptor) took it upon him and complete the temple by fixing the stone atop the structure. Some doubt whether the Sun god was actually worshipped in the temple or not.
Historians widely accepted view is that the temple fell into decay within 300 years of its construction. But how it fell, these views are split between historians. Some say the temple was devastated in a natural calamity like a cyclone, earthquake or lighting. Some accept that a Muslim invader Kalapahar (general of Sulaiman Karrani of Bengal) damaged it. Some accepted that the temple was damaged by the British because a powerful magnet crowning the temple caused navigational problems for ships. But some historians like Percy Brown feels that the temple is closed even before its completion. As per a mythological version of the temple, some find that Konark temple was struck by the beauty of a girl that was playing on the beach. It made sexual advances at her and as per the punishment, the temple was collapsed. With a number of stories, this temple becomes a mystery to all. But nobody has known the real story behind the temple.
06:00 am to 08:00 pm
Open all days of the week.
How to reach Konark Temple
Konark is situated in Konark, district of Puri, Odisha (India). It is 35 km away from Puri and 60 km from Bhubaneswar (capital of Odisha). Tourists can easily get trains, buses, and taxis from Bhubaneswar to Puri and vice versa. The easiest way to reach there is to rent a taxi from Puri to Konark temple.
Indira Gandhi International Airport (DEL), New Delhi to Bhubaneswar Airport or Biju Patnaik International Airport (BBI), Bhubaneswar (65 km away from the temple)
Hotels near Konark
Tourists can choose their hotel in Puri
Brihadeeshwara Temple is a Hindu temple located in Thanjavur city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. This temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is also known as Periya Kovil, Raja Rajeswara Temple, and Rajarajesvaram Temple. It is one of the oldest and tallest vimanam temples of India. In 2010, it turned 1,000 years old temple. In the UNESCO World Heritage Site, it is part of "Great Living Chola Temples". Brihadeeswarar Temple, Gangaikonda Cholapuram and Airavatesvara temple are included in "Great Living Chola Temples".
This temple is made by Emperor Rajaraja Cholan I (947-1014), who was a Chola emperor from present-day south India who ruled over the Chola kingdom of medieval Tamil Nadu, between 985 to 1014 CE. In 1002, he laid out its foundation. The temple is completed in seven years (1003-1010). The height of the temple is 216 feet (66 meters). It is the first temple built with granite. 1,30,000 granite used in it. It is the tallest temple of that century that still stands straight. It is a temple tower, known as 'Gopuram'. A stone of 80 tones placed on the top of the temple tower, known as 'Kumbam'. Its architecture is based on the interlock method (puzzle technique). Rajaraja Cholan's dreams and aspirations were always very high. There is no wonder that he built a huge temple to celebrate the power of divinity and dedicate this to Lord Shiva. But why he made this temple? did he want to stamp his authority in the world and make his name immortal with this monument? Did he want to get rid of his sins? Or maybe his reason was very simple to show the presence of God in the world. This temple is a complex which has fifteen different parts such as Maratha Entrance, Keralaantakan Tiruvasal, Rajarajan Tiruvasal, Nandi Mandapam, Varahi Shrine, South Cloister Mandapam, Brihadeeswarar Temple, Interpretation Centre, Ganesha Shrine, Karuvur Devar Shrine, Subrahmanya Shrine, Chandikesvara Shrine, North Cloister Mandapam, Amman Shrine, and Nataraja Mandapam.
It is a masterpiece among all the architectural wonders of the Cholas. Because of it's architectural, this temple is a mystery for the world. This temple has more than a hundred secret passages (tunnels) that lead to various spots like kings' palace, important places near Tanjore, and other temples. But they are sealed now because nobody has the map of those passages. It is believed that some of the tunnels some paths lead to dangerous and mysterious places. Historians believe that tunnels were the safety trap of Raja. Capstone on the top of the Gopuram'' or temple tower is also a mystery. Because the weight of the capstone or 'Kumbam' is 80 tons and made by a single stone. It is placed on the thirteenth storey building in the 11th century. It is a mystery that how such a heavy stone placed on the top at that time when cranes, rope cars, etc. were not available. The height of the Vimana temple is 216 feet (66 meters) and it made only by granite which means cement or any binding material was not used in its construction. This whole temple built by using the interlocking technique (puzzle block technique). one lakh thirty thousand granite used in its construction. But it is a mystery that from where this fine quality granite imported. Granite mines are around 100 km far from this place. Temple has a small staircase above the primary deity. Stairs lead to the upper part of the 'Gopuram'. The divine vibration creates an immortal experience of mantra Om recited here. It has so many paintings in the temple and the colors of that painting are still bright and healthy, even after 1,000 years. The size of the Nandi statue kept growing. It is another mysterious thing about this temple.
Between the 17th to 19th century a single stone statue of Lord Shiva was gifted here by Maratha rulers. That is the current statue of this temple. Many kinds of research had been carried out to the real facts behind its construction, but all went vain.
06:00 am to 12:30 pm
04:00 pm to 08:30 pm
Open All days of the week.
How to reach Brihadeeswara Temple
This temple is located in Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu (India). Tourists can go there by flight, bus, or train. all transports are available to reach there. Tiruchirapalli International Airport is 60 km away from the temple. The railway station is 2 km away and the bus stop (New Bus Station) is only 5 km away from the temple. The nearest landmark of the temple is Government Raja Mirasunder Hospital. Tourists can easily be reached there by taking an auto-rickshaw or cab.
Indira Gandhi International Airport (DEL), New Delhi to Tiruchirapalli International Airport (TRZ), Tiruchirapalli
Hotels near Brihadeeswara Temple
Tourists can get hotels in Thanjavur city.
Veerabhadra Temple is a Hindu shrine and pilgrim, located in Lepakshi (a small village in Anantapur district), Andhra Pradesh, India. This village is 15 km east of Hindupur and 120 km north of Bangalore. It is also known as Lepakshi temple. Veerabhadra is a fearsome form of Lord Shiva and this temple dedicated to Him. It has been built in honor of Lord Veerabhadra.
This temple was built in 1583 by brothers Virupanna and Veeranna. The Veerabhadra Swamy temple complex is one that is famous for its rich fine arts and architectural beauty. It is 470 years old complex with beautiful Vijayanagar styled sculptures and built with Dravidian architecture. It can be divided into three sections – the ‘Mukha Mandapam’ also called the ‘Nitya Mandapa’ or ‘Ranga Mandapa’ (Dancing), the ‘Artha Mandapa’ (working) and ‘Garbha Griha’ (the sanctum sanctorum). It also has ‘Kalyana Mandapa’. Legends believe that the Kalyana Mandapa had witnessed the marriage of Lord and Maa Parvati. The Nitya Mandapa is a 100-pillared dance hall that is beautiful and has intricate carvings, paintings on the ceilings. This Mandapa has one hanging pillar. Natya Mandapa and Kalyana Mandapams have the sculptures and the mural paintings which are exceptional for their artistic beauty and skill. Most of the sculptures portray the episodes like ‘Dattatreya’, ‘Ananthasayana’, ‘Narada’, ‘Tumburu’, ‘Chaturmukha Bramha’, and ‘Rambha’. The ‘Natya’ (Dancing) and ‘Ardha’ (worship) Mandapas the best examples in terms of architecture and they are the best parts of the temple. The carvings on the stone of the temple are such mesmeric quality that can attract anybody easily. It has Indian's largest mural of Veerabhadra (the fearsome form of Lord Shiva). It is a gigantic 24 X 14 feet single figure mural.
The name of the temple- Lepakshi has its mythological significance. This place is connected with two myths. The first myth originates from the epic Ramayana. It is believed that Jatayu did battle with Ravana here and when he tried to rescue Sita from Ravana, he cut Jatayu's wings. Jatayu fell off to Earth and his wings fell on the rock. When Lord Rama saw Jatayu in such condition, then he commanded the bird to rise in Tamil and said ''Le-Pakshi''. That's why this place called Lepakshi.
Another myth connects with two brothers named Veerupanna and Veerana who had worked for the Vijayanagar King. Veerupanna's son was blind since birth, and it is believed that he got his eyesight while playing around the Shivalinga which is present in this temple. Someone told the king that Veerupanna was using the royal treasury to cure his son. The king ordered to take away his eyesight as a punishment. Veerupanna himself took off his eyes and threw them inside the temple. Lape-Akshi means 'village of the blinded eye', and proves that the place got its name from this myth.
Lepakshi temple is full of mysteries. The temple indeed has a total of 72 pillars in 'Natya Mandapa' and one pillar does not touch the floor at all. This hanging pillar is known as 'Aakaasa Sthambha’. But why it is not touching the ground? how it is hanging from the roof? What thing giving this pillar support? All these questions are unanswerable. A British engineer tried to find out about its support but failed. The temple is bejeweled with gorgeous sculptures gods and goddesses, musicians, and dancers. 200 meters far, this village has a large statue of Nandi. It is considered India's largest statue of Nandi Ji. In this statue, Nandi looks at the Shivling of Lepakshi temple. According to the myth of Veerupanna and Veeranna, Veerupanna took off his eyes and threw them against the wall inside the temple. The bloodstains of his eyes are still there. A British scientist proved that the bloodstains of that wall of the temple against which Veerupanna he threw his eyes are real.
06:00 am to 06:00 pm
Open all days of the week.
How to reach Veerabhadra Temple
Kempegowda International Airport, Bengaluru (140 km distance from Lepakshi) is the nearest airport of Lepakshi. The easiest way to reach from Bengaluru to Lepakshi is a cab. Lepakshi does not have any railway station. The nearest railway of this it Hindupur (15 km away to Lepakshi). From Hindupur, tourists can get a bus to reach Lepaskhi.
Indira Gandhi International Airport (DEL), New Delhi to Kempegowda International Airport (BLR), Bengaluru
Hotels near Veerabhadra Temple
There are lots of hotel options to stay in Lepakshi.
Sree Padmanabhaswamy Temple is located in Thiruvananthapuram (the capital city of Kerala), in Kerala, India. This temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu. It is first to mention the temple in the ancient texts of the Tamil literature. It is a blend of Kerala and Dravidian styles of architecture. It is considered one of the richest temples in India. It is believed that this temple is the richest temple in the world. This temple is one of the 108 Divya Desams - Holy Abodes of Lord Vishnu.
This temple is run by a trust spearheaded by the Royal family of Travancore. In the 18th century, this temple was renovated and made to look as it is now. It was renovated by the-then rulerAnizham Thirunal Marthanda Verma. His family line becomes the Travancore royal family. He dedicated his kingdom to the temple deity, Lord Vishnu. After independence, this royal family lost many of their temples but he has their control over Padmanabhaswamy temple. This temple included the vaults below, where the donations and ornaments were stored. In 1924, when Mahatma Gandhi was 12 years old, he went to this temple and asked to allow Harijans to enter the temple. Travancore royal family agreed and from then, it becomes a temple of all Hindus.
This temple is very well known for its sculptural beauty. It has ancient works of art in stone and bronze, wood carvings, and mural paintings. This temple built with the combination of Dravidian and South-Indian style of architecture. It stands beside the holy water pool - Padma Theertham, which means the lotus spring. It is a seven-story tower with a height of 100 feet (35 meters). It has an eighty-foot flag post (Dhwaja stambha) in front of the temple and it is covered with gold plated copper sheets. It also has some interesting features such as Bali Peeda Mandapam and Mukha Mandapam. It has a broad corridor with 365 pillars. 1/4th sculptured granite-stone pillars are beautifully carved. This temple has a 'Nataka Sala' under the gopuram (main entrance in the eastern side). Kathakali was staged here during the annual ten-day Padmanabhaswamy Temple Festival (Uthsavam).
This temple has a secret associated with the replica of the famous Sri Adikesavaperumal temple in Thiruvattar. Total of six vaults has built under the temple's Sanctorum. Four vaults have been opened, but Vault-A and Vault-B are not opened. Two vaults are completely used and the other two are used only at festivals. Remaining two vaults A and B, are not opened yet. An audit of the Supreme Court found 186 crore gold was missing from the vaults. Vault-A is near to open. For reaching the Vault-A treasure. They had to pass through two-door. One is a metal door and the other is a wooden door. It also had a huge stone slab covering the entrance of the Vault. but one vault named vault-B is a secret vault. This vault is not opened by any person. It can only be opened by chanting a secret mantra. It is said that, if the mantra will read wrong, the whole world has to face a big disaster. It is believed that the opening of vault-B could make God angry and annoyed. But because of other vaults' treasures, this temple believed the richest temple of the world.
03:30 am to 12:00 pm
05:00 pm to 08:30 pm
West Nada, Fort, East Fort, Pazhavangadi, Thiruvananthapuram (also known as Trivandrum), Kerala 695023
All days of the week.
How to reach Padmanabhaswamy Temple
Padmanabhaswamy Temple is 6 km far from Thiruvananthapuram, the capital city of Kerala (India). Tourist can easily get flight, bus, or train to reach that city. From there, they have to take an auto-rickshaw or cab to reach there.
Indira Gandhi International Airport (DEL), New Delhi to Trivandrum International Airport (TRV), Thiruvananthapuram
Hotels near Padmanabhaswamy Temple
Tourists can book any hotel in Thiruvananthapuram city.
Kailasa Temple is situated about 30 km away from the Aurangabad, in Maharashtra, India. It may not be declared as one of the seven wonders of the world, but nobody denies the greatness of this temple. It is a rock-cave temple of Ellora and the world's only largest monolithic structure. It attracts visitors because of its size, sculptural treatment, and architecture.
This temple is one of the 34 cave temples on Ellora Caves. The number of this cave is Cave 16. It is believed that the Kailash temple, Ellora has similarities with the Virupaksha temple (northern Karnataka). It is built in the 8th (756 - 773 AD) century by King Krishna I of the Rashtrakuta dynasty. This temple dedicates to Hindu God, Lord Shiva. This is three stories building with a height of more than 100 ft. According to Archaeologists, it was chiseled out of the hillside (starting the top and end at the bottom). It took 18 years to complete. 12 workers work on it. A worker can remove five tons of rock every day If he worked for 12 hours without any break. Which means ten thousand pounds of rock removed every hour who worked on this temple. it is unbelievable to build this kind of architecture in that century with the help of only three types of chisels and hammers. A pillar named Dhwajasthamba is a famed rock pillar. After building this temple some more non- Rashtrakuta style temples built by Pallava and Chalukya artists.
Kailasa Temple is the most mysterious temple because of its construction. It built by carving a big rock hill by twelve workers. They built it with three types of chisels and hammers and complete it in 18 years only. But, according to an engineer, this masterpiece would not have taken just 18 years, it would have taken around to a century. It is said that 400,000 tones rock removed from the temple. But where it was thrown, it is unknown to all. Those piled rocks don't have any evidence nearby. A device called Bhaumastra mentioned in the ancient Vedic text. This is said to be used while building this temple. Ancient astronaut theorists say that the temple built from top to bottom. The most mysterious aspects of the site of Ellora are the tunnels. This leads underground at the Kailasa temple. These tunnels are fancied by the local authorities. But nobody knows where those tunnels lead. According to Ancient astronaut theorists, Lord Shiva has a connection with the Great Flood. Some believe that there was a city under the Ellora caves many years old and this temple was the part of that city. Because of water receded, its time has come on the Earth's surface.
But, no one knows the reality of the Kailasa temple's construction. How much time did it take? How many works built it? How the works started its construction? Where are its piled rocks? or so on. These questions are still a big mystery for us.
09:00 am to 05:00 pm
Ellora, Maharashtra 431102
All days of the week.
How to reach Kailasa Temple
Kailasa temple is 30 km far from the Aurangabad city, Maharashtra (India). Tourists can reach in Aurangabad by flight, bus, or train. From this city, they have to hire a cab to reach the Kailasa temple.
Indira Gandhi International Airport (DEL), New Delhi to Aurangabad Airport (IXU), Aurangabad
Hotels near Kailasa Temple
Tourists can book any hotel in Aurangabad city.